amino sugars

amino sugars

English-Russian Biotechnology Glossary. . 2007.

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  • Amino sugar — In chemistry, an amino sugar contains an amine group in place of a hydroxyl group. Derivatives of amine containing sugars, such as N acetylglucosamine and sialic acid, while not formally containing an amine, are also considered amino… …   Wikipedia

  • amino-sugar — Monosaccharide in which an OH group is replaced with an amino group; often acetylated. Common examples are D galactosamine, D glucosamine, neuraminic acid, muramic acid. Amino sugars are important constituents of bacterial cell walls, some… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • amino sugar — a sugar in which an amino group substituent has replaced a hydroxyl group; the amino sugars and their acyl derivatives are constituents of a variety of polysaccharides, glycoproteins, and glycolipids …   Medical dictionary

  • Amino acid dating — is a technique used to estimate age in a wide variety ofsituations. This technique relates changes in amino acid molecules to thetime elapsed since they were formed. This technique is used in paleobiology, archaeology, forensic science, and… …   Wikipedia

  • amino acid — Biochem. any of a class of organic compounds that contains at least one amino group, NH2, and one carboxyl group, COOH: the alpha amino acids, RCH(NH2)COOH, are the building blocks from which proteins are constructed. Cf. essential amino acid.… …   Universalium

  • dTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose transaminase — Identifiers EC number CAS number 9023 19 2 …   Wikipedia

  • DTDP-4-amino-4,6-dideoxy-D-glucose transaminase — In enzymology, a dTDP 4 amino 4,6 dideoxy D glucose transaminase (EC number| is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction:dTDP 4 amino 4,6 dideoxy D glucose + 2 oxoglutarate ightleftharpoons dTDP 4 dehydro 6 deoxy D glucose + L… …   Wikipedia

  • carbohydrate — /kahr boh huy drayt, beuh /, n. any of a class of organic compounds that are polyhydroxy aldehydes or polyhydroxy ketones, or change to such substances on simple chemical transformations, as hydrolysis, oxidation, or reduction, and that form the… …   Universalium

  • Citric acid cycle — Overview of the citric acid cycle The citric acid cycle also known as the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA cycle), the Krebs cycle, or the Szent Györgyi Krebs cycle[1] …   Wikipedia

  • Peptidoglycan — Peptidoglycan, also known as murein, is a polymer consisting of sugars and amino acids that forms a mesh like layer outside the plasma membrane of bacteria (but not Archaea), forming the cell wall. The sugar component consists of alternating… …   Wikipedia

  • Aminodesoxyzucker — Strukturformel von α D Glucosamin, dem ersten entdeckten Aminozucker Aminozucker sind Einfachzucker (Monosaccharide), bei denen eine oder mehrere Hydroxylgruppen (–OH) durch eine Aminogruppe (–NH2) ersetzt wurden. Freie Aminozucker sind stark… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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